When was the last time you looked at, I mean really looked closely at your sewing machine needle? There are eight parts to needle anatomy:
From top to bottom, let's review needle parts and their important functions:
- Butt: The very top of your needle has a beveled edge for easier insertion into your machine.
- Shank: Home sewing needles have a flat shank for perfect positioning in the needle bar in relation to the hook.
- Shoulder: The transitioning area between the shank and the blade. SCHMETZ color codes 5 needle types on the shoulder for easier identification.
- Blade: The length of the needle. Needle size is determined by measuring the blade diameter.
- Groove: Cradles and guides thread to the eye of the needle.
- Scarf: The indentation above the eye that allows the bobbin hook to smoothly grab the thread under the throat plate to create a stitch.
- Eye: The hole through which thread passes.
- Point and Tip: The first area to penetrate fabric in stitch creation. The point and tip length, shape and size vary according to needle types.
Next week we will review How to Read A Needle Package.